Arduino-based ventilator to help coronavirus patients

In the times we live in, often a desperate measures must be taken. As far as manufacturing and using home-made medical equipment is not advised, the spread of the COVID-19 might push humanity to such solutions. Johnny Lee’s project involves a simple, low-cost ventilator controlled via Arduino.

The idea is that since these machines are basically just blowers controlled by a brushless DC motor, an Arduino Nano equipped with an electonic speed controller could allow it to act as a one.

Such a setup has been shown to provide more than enough pressure for a ventilator used on COVID-19 patients. This device has in no way been evaluated or approved for medical use, but it does provide a starting point for experimentation.


Industrial Arduino-like devices as a base of medical equipment?

When industrial IoT devices and edge devices, like medical equipment work together, digital information becomes more powerful. Especially in contexts where you need to collect data in a traditional edge context, or control the servo-motors of a ventilatr. You can then remotely monitor the container using the sensor.

By introducing AI (artificial intelligence) into the device itself, edge computing can also make more context-sensitive, quick decisions at the edge. Data gathered from the sensors can be transferred to the cloud at any time after local work has been completed, contributing to a more global AI process, or archived. With the combination of industrial IoT devices and advanced technology, high quality analysis and small footprint will become the AI standard in 2020.

Industrial IoT use of ESP32 chip in eModGATE

Latest innovations used in industrial solutions

One of many uses of IoT can be edge devices, dedicated to data management, process control (e.g. with MQTT protocol) and monitoring. Latest ESP32-based eModGATE controller from TECHBASE company is a series utilizing MicroPython environment to provide data management solutions for end-points applications. The eModGATE has built-in Wi-Fi/BT modem and can be equipped with additional NarrowBand-IoT, LoRa, ZigBee, etc.

For example eModGATE eqipped with wireless NB-IoT modem are perfect for industrial automation solutions, e.g. data logging, metering, telemetrics, remote monitoring, security and data management through all Industrial IoT applications.

Arduino Portenta H7 - new player on the Industrial IoT market

At the Consumer Electronics Show 2020, Arduino has made a possibly groundbreaking announcement with the Arduino Pro IDE. This could bring the maker scene and classic industrial companies closer together.

Arduino Portenta H7 features

The Portenta H7 is equipped with an STM32H747Xi with a Cortex-M7 and a Cortex-M4. Portenta H7 has 2 megabytes of RAM and a 16 MByte NOR flash. An SD card can be connected via an adapter. The connection to a wireless network is via WiFi 802.11 b/g/n or Bluetooth 5.1. The charging electronics for a 3.7 volt LiPo battery are already integrated.

With the Arduino Portenta H7, the first model of the new Portenta family was announced. This should be tailored specifically to the needs of industrial applications, AI and robotics scenarios.

Arduino Portenta H7
Arduino Portenta H7

The model is equipped with two 80-pin connectors, plus four UART ports. USB Type-C port can output image signals via DisplayPort. The Portenta H7 is also programmable with an interpreter in MicroPython, JavaScript and TensorFlow Light. The single-platinum calculator should be available from February for 90 euros.


What the world says about Arduino Portenta?

Fabio Violante, CEO of Arduino, said manufacturers will be able to create modules for robotics, 3D printer and more:

Portenta H7 is directly compatible with other Arduino libraries and offers new features that will benefit hardware manufacturers, such as a DisplayPorl output, much faster ADC multi-channel and high-speed timers.

Arduino Portenta Carrier
Arduino Portenta Carrier

Meanwhile, Charlene Marini, vice president of strategy for Arm’s IoT Services Group commented:

SMEs with industrial requirements require simplified development through secure development tools, software and hardware to economically realize their IoT use cases.

ARM Partnership cooperation

ARM works with Arduino to provide secure, easy-to-manage and manageable devices to a wide range of programmers. Two innovations to date show the results of this partnership.

„Mbed OS Portenty is one of the concrete achievements of the partnership,” said Marini. „Another example is the Arduino SIM card, which uses Pelion connection management.”

She said companies have the ability to provide secure Internet of Things on a large scale. This is the foundation of machine learning, automation and the rapid evolution of applications that cross the physical and digital world.

eModGATE with ESP32

Industrial use of Arduino-like solutions

One of industrial IoT devices, supporting Arduino-like technology is eModGATE from TECHBASE. Economical, ESP32-based solution can serve as an end-point in any installation or works well as a gateway, gathering data from scattered sensor mesh across the installation. For more information check Industrial IoT Shop with all the configuration options for eModGATE.